Why is iCloud storage occupying space on my hard drive?

Bruce Beck wrote in with a question that at first had me scratching my head, and then nodding with understanding. He wonders about duplication of storage between iCloud and his local drive:

I’m paying for 200GB of iCloud storage, but I am showing 36.43GB of photos in Photos for OS X residing on my hard drive. If I open [Photos on the drive], it opens my iCloud photos that I thought were only in the cloud. I could use 36GB of hard drive space. Why is this happening and what can I do?

The reason I was confused is that I’ve spent so much time writing about and testing this stuff that I forget it doesn’t always make sense to folks who just use the technology.

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Is it sensible to combine backup types on a single drive?

Reader George Lai queries the following:

I have been using Time Machine for years. I am now considering adding SuperDuper and/or Carbon Copy Cloner (CCC) as additional backup tools. Can I just use these on the same external hard disk drive as where my TM backups reside or do I have to partition it?

I have a bit of philosophy to go along with the pragmatic answer. The philosophy is: “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.” Having incrementally updated full-drive Time Machine backups on the same physical volume as drive clones seems like a fundamentally bad idea. If something goes wrong with the physical mechanism, it renders both kinds of backups bad.

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How to disable unconfirmed contact email suggestions

Henry Crun is fed up with suggestions. He writes:

How can I get rid of all the email addresses iOS has collected and insists on offering up when i’m trying to select something? Personally, I only want iOS to offer addresses that are listed in my Contacts app. i can see some wanting more but what iOS currently offers is the kitchen sink.

If you toggle off Contacts in Mail in Settings, Apple claims it’ll delete any unconfirmed contacts. But “unconfirmed” by whom? Apparently not by me, because it’s off and yet all those unwanted contacts still show.

Henry also finds that if he sets up an iOS device from scratch, iCloud syncs all those addresses, too.

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How to delete items instantly or selectively from Trash

Reader Len writes:

I frequently use flash drives for backup and to transfer files from one computer to another. I often want to delete one or two files from a flash drive without emptying the trash. Is there any way to do this?

Starting in El Capitan, you’ve got an option for precisely this purpose. While I don’t use the Trash as a temporary repository—a kind of purgatory between an active file and the final bit bucket in the sky—but rather only for items I want to get rid of, many people I know stow stuff in Trash they think they might delete later.

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How does Photos manage media on an iOS device?

Reader Steven Alford asks:

When I click on a single photo on, say, my iPad, a small clock face rotates in the lower righthand corner and the photo is displayed. Is that photo downloaded to my device and does it take up room on the device? Or, are only photos taken by the device stored on the device?

If you’re using iCloud Photo Library, you can set synchronization such that Photos in iOS and OS X only caches thumbnail previews of images. (In iOS: Settings > Photos & Camera and set Optimize iPhone/iPad Storage. In Photos for OS X: Preferences > iCloud, and set Optimize Mac Storage.)

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How to fix typing two capitals in a row at a word’s start

Mark Weinrib asks about a typical typo:

I am trying to find out how to autocorrect double-letter capitalizations. For example, if I spell office “OFfice” I want to automatically make the F into a lowercase f. Microsoft Office has a setting for this. I can not find one in OS X, so when I am in Mail or` in TextEdit it doesn’t autocorrect.

OS X does offer this setting system-wide as part of automatic spelling correction, and it works in all of Apple’s programs and is available in other apps that take advantage of it. This autocorrect will drop in what OS X thinks is the “correct” replacement as you type—it may sometimes be the wrong one if you’re using a specialized term or a special spelling. Generally, it’s the right choice.

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Does your photo have the wrong timestamp? Here's how to fix it

Lee Perrin writes in with a temporal dilemma in Yosemite:

Recently, I took a vacation to Alaska. I used my iPhone, which reset to the local time, and a point-and-shoot camera that I forgot was still set to EDT. After importing the photos to my Mac, I’ve found the time sequences are wrong and the photos are in the wrong order because of the differences in the two cameras settings. How can I edit the wrong times?

You’re in luck, as there are multiple ways to fix this.

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