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More applications are adopting the tasty Navigation Services dialog boxes introduced with Mac OS 8.5 for Open, Save, and other file-related commands. Seth D. Kromholz of Ithaca, New York, discovered that you can drag any folder or disk icon from the Finder–even a folder proxy icon from the title bar of a folder window–into an application's Navigation Services dialog box, and the dialog box immediately shows the contents of that folder or disk. Some applications' Navigation Services boxes also recognize dragged aliases of folders or disks, while those of other applications ignore aliases. The only way to tell if aliases work is by trial and error.

In addition, you can add any item in a Navigation Services dialog box to your Favorites list by dragging the desired item to the Favorites button (the one with the bookmarked icon that looks like a folder with a ribbon on it) at the top of the dialog box.

Q. When we print from any of the 11 Macs on our network to any of our 3 Hewlett-Packard LaserJet printers, the LaserWriter 8.1 Page Setup always defaults to the A4 paper size instead of U.S. letter. This happens in ClarisWorks 5, Claris Emailer, FileMaker Pro 4, and other applications, and it's very inconvenient to have to set the paper size for every new document. Is there any way to change the default paper size?

Leonardo Peterssen
Valencia, Carabobo, Venezuela

A. Call up the LaserWriter 8 Page Setup dialog box from within any application (including the Finder), typically by choosing Page Setup from the application's File menu. Change the settings as desired, and then option-click the OK button. An alert then asks whether you want to save the current Page Setup settings as the default settings. (The alert may not appear with your old version of LaserWriter 8, but the current settings still become the default settings.)

This procedure sets specific LaserWriter 8 Page Setup defaults for the program you were using, and also sets the general defaults for any programs that don't have specific defaults set. (Simply repeat the above procedure within a program to set its specific defaults.)

Q. I use an iMac in school and a Performa 6360 at home. Whenever my Performa freezes, I just press 1-control-power-on key, and my computer restarts. But with the iMac, I have to use a paper clip to restart the computer. My friends and I suspect that it's because the keyboard is a USB device, so when the computer freezes the keyboard has no access to the USB drivers. Is there any way to restart an iMac without wasting a paper clip?

Kozo Ota
Westmount, Quebec, Canada

A. Unlike the ADB keyboards used on other Macs, the iMac's USB keyboard is not wired to the computer's reset circuitry and can't restart a frozen or crashed iMac. If the iMac is not frozen or crashed, pressing 1-control-power-on restarts it in the same way as pressing the power-on key and clicking the Restart button in the dialog box that appears (a technique that works on any Mac). If your iMac is crashed or frozen, you can restart it by pushing its reset button, located near the USB ports on the side of the iMac and marked with a small triangle. On early iMacs, the button is inside a small hole. This means that you must use a straightened paper clip to push the button. If the reset button doesn't restart the iMac, unplug the iMac for at least 30 seconds and then plug it in again and start up normally.

You can avoid killing paper clips by adopting the solution devised by David L. Stanley of Brookings, Oregon. He took a colored plastic pushpin (Bondi blue, of course) and clipped the pin to about 3/16 inch. Onto this stub he impaled a 1/4-inch piece of double-sticky foam tape. Thus assembled, the device fits into the iMac reset hole, with the sticky tape holding it in place. The tape holds the pin in place and cushions it so it makes contact with the reset button only when pressed. If you dislike the do-it-yourself method, you can spend about $10 for a similar premade gadget called the iButton from Joseph C. Lee Company (www-.imacbutton-.com).

Keep in mind that whenever you force any Mac to restart by pressing 1-control-power-on or pushing a reset button, you should use Disk First Aid or another disk-repair utility to verify the start-up disk and repair it as needed. Although tedious, this precaution does keep problems from snowballing.

TIP Don't waste your screen real estate by leaving the ruler revealed in a Microsoft Word 98 document window. Leave the ruler hidden; when you need it, simply move the pointer to the light gray area beneath the title bar, and presto! All hail the ruler!

Chris Paulu
Boston, Massachusetts

TIP Here are some more handy pointers for using Mac OS 8.5's Application Switcher. Russell Hearn of Wethersfield, Connecticut, notes that you can hide the current application's windows while switching to another open application by option-clicking the open app's button in the Application Switcher. Emilio Cruz of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, found that you can move the Application Switcher by 1-dragging any part of it; this maneuver is particularly useful if the title bar and window frame are hidden. David Roemer of Toledo, Ohio, discovered that you can open a document by dragging it to the button of any compatible application in the Application Switcher. For example, he uses this technique to open pictures with Adobe Photoshop without going through the Easy Open dialog box.


We pay $25 to $100 for tips on how to use Macs, peripherals, or software. Please include your full name and address, so that we can send you your payment. Send questions or tips to quicktips@macworld.com or to Macworld Quick Tips, 301 Howard St., 16th Fl., San Francisco, CA 94105. All published submissions become the sole property of Macworld. Due to the high volume of mail received, we cannot provide personal responses.

March 1999 page: 93

The Web Sharing feature in Mac OS 8.X is fine in a networked office or for someone with a full-time Internet connection, but David Wolf of Portland, Oregon, says it seemed useless to him because like many people he has a dial-up Internet connection, and his Mac gets a different Internet address every time he connects. "What are you going to do," Wolf writes, "call up your friends and tell them your Internet address of the day?" But then he discovered Web Sharing to be a useful tool for Web design.

Web Sharing creates a Web server on your Mac, and you can use this server to test your Web design without uploading Web-page files to your ISP's server–a better way to test pages than by specifying a local file URL that begins with file://.

It also more closely resembles the real world. Wolf observes that Netscape Navigator reloads images from local files every time it displays them, which takes longer than displaying the images from memory, as happens when Navigator loads them from a Web server. Wolf says he especially notices the difference when working with rollovers (an image that changes when a mouse pointer rolls over it), noting that testing rollovers using a local file URL either yields jerky results or simply doesn't work.

To test your Web pages, connect to the Internet and start Web Sharing. In the Web Sharing control panel, click the first Select button to specify the folder that contains your Web-page files, and then click the second Select button to specify the home page (see "Mighty Real"). Next click the Start button to start the Web server (shown here as Stop, its state after being clicked). Your Web address appears at the top of the control panel; you can copy it by choosing Copy My Address from the Edit menu. You can also use the Control Strip to start and stop Web Sharing.

Point your Web browser to the address specified at the top of the Web Sharing control panel or Web Sharing Control Strip module. You can now view your pages served over the Internet from files on your own hard drive. This will eliminate the need to send newly updated versions of your files to the ISP server constantly, because you will have worked out the kinks in advance.

As an alternative to using Web Sharing through your dial-up Internet account, you can create your own intranet and give your computer a static IP address for Web Sharing. In the TCP/IP control panel, make a new configuration named Local Network and change the Configure option to Manually. Enter an IP address of and a Subnet mask of–these addresses are from the range approved for local TCP/IP networks (intranets) and will not conflict with addresses on the Internet. Close the control panel, saving the changes, and start up Web Sharing. Now direct your Web browser to, the static address you gave your computer on your intranet. The next time you want to connect to the Internet, don't forget to switch TCP/IP configurations. You can do this with the TCP/IP control panel, the Location Manager Control Strip module, or the shareware Control Strip module TCP CC by Tim Kelley ( http://www.madison-web.com /tkelly/).

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