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Drowning in screen clutter? Clear the blight of excess windows from your desktop with a click of your mouse–two clicks at the most. For your first click, James Gates of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, suggests that you scrunch up all the windows of the active application by option-clicking the collapse box of the active window. If necessary, a second step hides the windows of all other applications (see the end of this item if you've forgotten how to do this). To expand all collapsed windows of the active application, option-click the active window's collapse box.

You can also expand and collapse all the active application's windows by option-double-clicking the title bar of any window, active or inactive. To affect just one background window, 1-double-click its title bar. Now try option-1-double-clicking an inactive window's title bar.

Note that these double-click tricks won't work if you have the relevant option turned off in the Options section of Mac OS 8.X's Appearance control panel or Mac OS 7.6's WindowShade control panel.

Q. How can I enter tab and return characters in the Find and Replace dialog boxes in ClarisWorks and Microsoft Word?

Robert Allan Schwartz
Cambridge, Massachusetts

A. In ClarisWorks, type t or press command-tab to enter a tab character. To enter a return character, type p or press command-return. To enter a line-break character, type n. For a list of other special characters you can enter in the Find/Change dialog box, choose the ClarisWorks help index from the Help menu and look under the keyword Finding Text and the topic "Find and change text."

In Microsoft Word (all versions), you can type ^t to enter a tab character, ^p for a return character, or ^l for a line-break character. You can also choose these and other special characters from the Special pop-up menu near the bottom of the dialog box. If you don't see this pop-up menu in Word 98, click the More button in the Find dialog box. Word 98's on-screen help has a list of special characters you can find and replace; look in the help index under the keyword Finding Data and the topic "Examples of special characters and document elements you can find and replace."

Q. My friends and I like to send sounds to one another (Barney Fife saying "Andy! Andy!" and so forth). How can I create WAV files to send to my buddies who have Wintel machines? And how can I listen to the WAV files they send me?

Dan Tempas
Midland, Michigan

A. If your system has QuickTime 3, you can open and play various types of sound files, including the Windows WAV format, in MoviePlayer, SimpleText, or any other application that can open QuickTime movies. To open WAV files in applications other than MoviePlayer, turn on the Enable QuickTime Exchange option in the QuickTime Settings control panel. If you upgrade to QuickTime 3 Pro, you can also convert sounds to WAV files by using MoviePlayer's Export command. Mac OS 8.5 includes QuickTime 3 and a free upgrade to the Pro edition; if you haven't upgraded to 8.5 yet, you can download the standard edition of QuickTime 3 free from Apple's Web site at http://www.apple.com/quicktime/ and pay $29.95 for the Pro upgrade. QuickTime 3 works with System 7.1 and later.

If your system has QuickTime 2.5, MoviePlayer can open and play most WAV files, but SimpleText and other applications can open only some WAV files. With QuickTime 2.5, even MoviePlayer can't open a few WAV files that it can open with QuickTime 3–it's rather arbitrary, so the only way to really know for sure is to give it a try. You can also convert between WAV files and Mac sound files with freeware such as Norman Franke's SoundApp.

Q. How can I write the euro currency symbol

Allen Morrison
New York, New York

A. Apple has added the euro symbol to the following fonts distributed with Mac OS 8.5 and later: Apple Chancery, Capitals, Charcoal, Chicago, Courier, Gadget, Geneva, Helvetica, Hoefler Text, Monaco, New York, Palatino, Sand, Skia, Symbol, Techno, Textile, and Times. With any of these fonts except Symbol, you type a euro symbol by pressing option-shift-2. With the Symbol font, you press option-T. Apple is not currently distributing these updated fonts separately from Mac OS 8.5.

If you don't have Mac OS 8.5 or 8.5.1, you can obtain three free euro fonts from Adobe's Web site at http://www.adobe-.com-/supportservice-/custsupport-/LIBRARY-/503a.htm. With each of the fonts–sans serif, serif, and monospace–you can type a euro symbol by pressing any key. These fonts work with any Mac OS version, but sizes other than 10 point tend to look jagged on screen and with non-PostScript printers unless you have Adobe Type Manager installed.

Microsoft also distributes updated versions of its core fonts on its Web site at http://www.microsoft.com/typography/fontpack/default.htm. You can use these TrueType fonts with any Mac OS system.

The LaserWriter 8.6 driver software, which Mac OS 8.5 and 8.5.1 include, performs a euro-related trick with many fonts. It prints a euro symbol from the Symbol font everywhere it encounters an option-shift-2 character in a font internally designated a Mac-encoded font, even if this character appears on screen as an international currency symbol. If the printer has the Symbol font built in and this Symbol font does not contain the euro symbol, the LaserWriter 8.6 driver adds the euro to the printer's existing Symbol font.

Sad to say, older LaserWriter drivers do not normally substitute the euro from the Symbol font. Instead, LaserWriter 8.5.1 and earlier print the international currency symbol wherever an option-shift-2 character appears in a Mac-encoded font.

For more-detailed information, including instructions for adding euro symbols to existing fonts, see Apple Technote 1140 at developer-.apple-.com-/technotes-/tn/tn1140.html.

All shareware and freeware mentioned in Quick Tips is available from the Macworld Online software library ( http://www.macdownload.com ).

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May 1999 page: 97

Just when you least expect it, along come not one but two ways to enhance the inconspicuous Stickies program that the Mac OS has included since System 7.5.

Michael Merwin of Gracewood, Georgia, noticed that Stickies remembers two positions for each note, one for when the note is open and the other for when it's collapsed, and he uses this feature to organize his notes. He clicks each note's zoom box to collapse it and stacks the collapsed notes in a corner of his desktop (see "Stickies Tricks"). Stickies displays the first line of each collapsed note in its title bar, reminding him of the note's contents.

Clicking a collapsed note's zoom box opens it in its previous location, and clicking its zoom box again returns it to the stack of collapsed notes. If you have the Zoom-Box Collapses Window option turned off in Stickies' Preferences menu, you need to option-click a note's zoom box to collapse it.

James C. LaRoche of Marina del Rey, California, discovered how to change the text that Stickies prints before and after your name in the footer of every note you print (by default, Stickies uses the Owner Name from the File Sharing or Sharing Setup control panel). To change the footer text, you need a resource editor such as Apple's ResEdit freeware or Mathemaesthetics' Resorcerer (www-.mathemaesthetics-.com).

First, create a duplicate of the Stickies application in the Apple Menu Items folder and name the duplicate Stickies Personal. Open Stickies Personal in your resource-editing program of choice, and double-click the STR# resource item in the Stickies Personal resources window. In the STR# resources window that appears, double-click resource ID 134, Printing. The window for this resource shows three text strings you can edit to personalize your Stickies. It's easy to make additional personalized copies of Stickies with names such as Stickies Business and Stickies Funny.

Stickies Tricks Your Stickies notes can remember two positions: one when a note is collapsed and another when it's open (left). You can personalize notes' printed footer info by accessing your Stickies STR# resource ID 134 (below).

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