capsule review

MacBook Pro/1.83GHZ and 2.0 GHz

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It’s got a new name on the outside and a new processor on the inside, but the MacBook Pro is in many ways indistinguishable from its predecessor, the 15-inch PowerBook G4. Yes, these first MacBook Pro models are a huge step forward in many different ways, but they also provides reassuring continuity for longtime PowerBook users.

As you’d expect from the first model of its kind, the 15-inch MacBook Pro is a complicated beast. (We tested both the 2GHz model and the 1.83GHz configuration .) When it comes to running Universal applications, it’s clearly faster than the PowerBook. Yet it also has some quirks, and actually lags behind the PowerBook in some hardware and software areas. Still, the MacBook Pro’s huge potential can’t be fully realized until more programs are released that can take advantage of its strengths.

Making the migration

It’s a potentially obvious point, but important to note: these Intel-based Macs are still Macs through and through. We put a PowerBook G4 into FireWire Target mode and attached it to the MacBook Pro, transferred its files via Apple’s built-in Migration Assistant utility, and had the new laptop up and running in a couple of hours with no major hitches. All desktop windows were in the right places, file icons were properly strewn about the desktop—the new MacBook Pro felt exactly like the old PowerBook.

After the migration was complete, we experienced several annoying slowdowns, but a trip to Apple’s Activity Monitor utility revealed that the culprit was Spotlight, which had to index the MacBook Pro’s hard drive after the Migration Assistant utility finished its transfer. Once Spotlight was done with its work, most common operations felt much more responsive than they had on the PowerBook. (We did experience a few unexpected appearances of OS X’s spinning rainbow cursor of doom, but they abated after we discarded several old items, including Smart Crash Reports and SIMBL, that the Migration Utility had transferred to our InputManagers folder.)

Although several of the bread-and-butter applications we used aren’t currently available in Universal versions, we rarely perceived any serious slowness in those applications. Occasionally Microsoft Entourage got a bit poky, and Microsoft Word seemed somewhat confused when we tried to use the MacBook Pro’s Scrolling Trackpad feature. But generally, applications running under Mac OS X’s Rosetta code-translation technology, which converts instructions meant for PowerPC processors into those suitable for Intel chips, worked quite well.

When it comes to Universal applications running natively on the MacBook Pro, they definitely felt perkier than on the PowerBook—and the entire computing experience simply felt more responsive than the 1.67GHz PowerBook G4.

The speed’s the thing

As with the first edition of the Intel-based iMacs, the focus on these new MacBook Pro systems is going to be on their speed. For the past few years, PowerBook users have griped about the relatively small speed improvements in the product line. Since Apple first announced its switch to Intel chips, there’s been intense speculation that Intel-based laptops would be able to perform at speeds that were simply unavailable to PowerBook G4 users.

And the MacBook Pro specs would seem to indicate that a major speed boost is in the offing: compared to the PowerBook G4’s relatively meager specs (167MHz system bus, a single 1.67GHz G4 processor, and a Mobility Radeon 9700 video card), the MacBook Pro’s architecture (667MHz bus, dual-core 2.0GHz processor, and Mobility Radeon X1600 card) makes it a potential speed demon.

So does the MacBook Pro deliver on its promise? Unfortunately, there’s no easy answer when it comes to speed. Like the iMac Core Duo, the MacBook Pro is the first Mac system of its type to feature a dual-core processor, the equivalent of two processors on a single chip. As a result, gauging its actual speed is a whole lot more complicated than back in the days when processor clock speed alone dominated the discussion.

So yes, the MacBook Pro is generally faster than the 15-inch PowerBook G4 at running Universal applications. How much faster depends on several factors, including how well-optimized for Intel processors the applications are, how much the applications take advantage of the MacBook Pro’s fast video card, and how well the software supports multiple processors. (For a much more in-depth look at these issues, see our story Inside Intel: Updated Lab Tests and Analysis.)

Some of our tests show major MacBook Pro speed boosts when compared with the PowerBook G4. The 3-D rendering program Cinema 4D XL was 3.3 times as fast at rendering a scene; the graphics-intensive game Unreal Tournament 2004 had a frame rate of 2.2 times better; and an iTunes encode was 1.3 times as fast. Other tests of less processor-intensive tasks, such as creating a 1GB Zip archive in the Finder, showed more modest gains.

Given that the professional applications that are part of Apple’s Final Cut Studio suite have long been designed to take advantage of Power Mac models with multiple processors, we would anticipate that the Universal versions of those applications will see dramatic speed boosts on the MacBook Pro. Those applications aren’t expected to arrive until next month, so we weren’t able to test them, and we did not receive the Universal Logic Pro 7.2 version in time to test it for this review.

The other major application that many MacBook Pro users will want to run is Adobe Photoshop CS2, and it may be a while before a Universal version arrives. In the interim, the MacBook Pro will run Photoshop via Rosetta. We found Photoshop to be quite usable on the MacBook Pro, but it doesn’t run nearly as fast as it does on the most recent top-of-the-line PowerBook. The 1.67GHz PowerBook G4 performed our suite of 14 scripted Photoshop tasks 1.7 times faster than the 2GHz MacBook Pro. As a result, it’s hard for us to recommend the MacBook Pro to heavy Photoshop users until Adobe ships a Universal version. However, casual Photoshop users should be fine.

New Book, similar cover

In terms of physical appearance, the MacBook Pro is almost identical to the 15-inch PowerBook G4. It’s slightly wider and thinner, and weighs the same. The MacBook Pro’s trackpad, mouse button, and front latch are also slightly wider than the PowerBook’s.

However, the MacBook Pro’s screen is 60 pixels shorter than the most recent 15-inch PowerBook G4, offering a native resolution of 1440 by 900 pixels. The screen is definitely brighter than the PowerBook’s. Nestled right above the screen is the MacBook Pro’s built-in iSight camera, and next to it is a green light that comes on whenever the camera is in use. (The iSight worked well in all the video chats we tried, although because the MacBook Pro’s microphone is embedded in the left speaker grille, our iChat audio was restricted to the right speaker and sounded a bit too quiet.)

The MacBook Pro is Apple’s first laptop model to come with an infrared remote control and Front Row software, and there’s a corresponding infrared port on the front edge of the system, to the left of the latch. The version of Front Row on these systems is essentially the same as the one on Apple’s iMacs —and includes all the same limitations, including a lack of robust music-play features and weak video- and slideshow-playback controls.

That said, the combination of Front Row, a remote control, and a small Mac that can process external video output makes for some very interesting scenarios. For example, you can use the MacBook Pro and a video adapter to drive a TV in a home theater. Unfortunately, I wasn’t able to simply close the MacBook Pro, attach it to my TV set, and then recline with the included remote—the MacBook Pro wouldn’t stay awake. Plugging a mouse into one of the MacBook’s USB ports worked, but it would be nice if it were easier to use the MacBook Pro as a TV or projector-playback system.

Users of the last-generation PowerBooks will notice that the MacBook Pro is also missing several features found on those models. The S-Video port is gone, although Apple’s $19 DVI-to-video adapter easily replaces it; as with the iMac, the MacBook Pro has no modem, so those who need a model will need to invest $49 in Apple’s USB modem; and the PowerBook G4’s FireWire 800 port is also a goner.

Adding FireWire 800 to the MacBook Pro is possible, but it requires use of the ExpressCard slot, a new slot that replaces the PowerBook G4’s PC Card slot. The ExpressCard/34 slot lets cards run at full PCI Express speeds, but it’s incompatible with PC Cards (as well as wider ExpressCard/54 cards), and currently there aren’t very many ExpressCards on the market. Still, we expect that the MacBook Pro will spur development of Mac-compatible ExpressCards, not only for FireWire 800 but for numerous other uses, including support for other storage formats, expanded wireless connectivity, and video-out capability. However, we were unable to test any ExpressCard/34 cards in the MacBook Pro.

Battery life

Unlike the data accompanying previous laptop models, Apple has refrained from making any claims about the MacBook Pro’s potential battery life. Testing battery life is extremely tricky, since different types of usage (and different energy-saving preferences) can dramatically vary the results of battery life tests as well as real-world total battery life. In an all-out power drain test, in which we turned off all power-saving options and played a DVD on both the MacBook Pro and the PowerBook G4, the MacBook Pro died four minutes earlier than the PowerBook—a test that suggests the two models’ battery life will be similar. In regular use over several days with normal power settings, we found that we could get more than three-and-a-half hours’ worth of work done with charge to spare. As a result, we think it’s safe to say that while the MacBook Pro isn’t going to win any last-laptop-standing battery challenges, its battery life will be in line with the past experiences of PowerBook G4 users.

Power? It’s a snap

It’s hard to get people excited about a power cord, but Apple did its best when it introduced the MagSafe connector at Macworld Expo in January. The MacBook Pro’s MagSafe port is a small rectangular indentation at the rear of the computer’s left edge; the rectangular end of the MacSafe power cord attaches to it magnetically for a secure connection—but one that is easily broken under moderate force.

The idea behind MagSafe is that tripping over the laptop’s power cord won’t do something horrible like rip off the power jack or launch the computer off your desk and onto a hard floor below. And it works as advertised: in several attempts to topple the MacBook Pro, the MagSafe connector did its job, releasing its attachment to the computer and falling harmlessly to the floor.

The cable connecting the MagSafe connector to the AC adapter’s power brick is noticeably thicker and stiffer than the one on Apple’s previous generation of laptop power cords, which is good news for anyone who has shredded one after many months of heavy use. The power adapter’s power brick is larger, more the size of an AirPort Express than the previous-generation brick.

Hard-core PowerBook users (and IT managers, for that matter) will roll their eyes at the introduction of a new Apple power-cord style, because it will force them to buy more new adapters as supplements and extras. But it’s been several years since the last time Apple switched adapter styles, and the advantages of the MagSafe connector are worth the slight inconvenience.

All features great and small

With a product as new and hotly anticipated as the MacBook Pro, there’s an almost endless list of details that prospective buyers might be curious about. Here’s a roundup of other items we noticed while testing this system:

•  Wireless range. In our observations, the MacBook Pro appears to have better wireless range than the PowerBook G4. At the same distances, we were able to see more bars in Apple’s Internet Connect utility and a higher signal strength in iStumbler on the MacBook Pro. However, when we tested an iBook in the same conditions, its performance was notably better than the MacBook Pro’s.

•  Heat. The MacBook Pro is definitely not a cool system. After an hour of use, we found ours to be quite warm, particularly on the left side toward the back. However, we didn’t find the heat level uncomfortable, and it seemed roughly in line with the heat generated by PowerBook G4 models.

•  Noise. In general operation the MacBook Pro is fairly quiet. However, several users of the first batch of MacBook Pro models have reported a quiet hum emitted by the computer under certain circumstances. We did notice this on a few of the MacBook Pro models we looked at, and while we didn’t find it particularly distracting, it’s worth noting in case you’re someone who is particularly sensitive to noise and works in a quiet environment.

•  Optical Drive. While the MacBook Pro massively improves most of the PowerBook G4’s specs there’s one area with a serious backslide: the optical drive. Because the MacBook Pro is thinner than the PowerBook, Apple had to use a new optical drive that’s approximately three millimeters thinner. So rather than the optical drive in the previous-model PowerBook, which featured an 8x SuperDrive with dual-layer DVD burning support, the MacBook only contains a 4x SuperDrive model that can’t burn dual-layer discs—hard-core disc burners be warned.

MacBook Pro Models Tested

Adobe Photoshop CS2 Cinema 4D XL 9.5.21 Duplicate File iMovie 6.0.1 iTunes 6.0.3 Microsoft Word Scroll Start Up Unreal Tournament 2004 Zip Archive
MacBook Pro Core Duo 1.83GHz 2:49 1:19 0:42 1:16 1:31 2:10 0:31 48.4 3:54
MacBook Pro Core Duo 2GHz 2:41 1:11 0:32 1:08 1:33 2:07 0:32 51.6 3:08
15-inch PowerBook G4 1.67GHz 1:34 3:57 0:32 1:50 2:00 1:31 0:40 23.0 3:29
14-inch iBook G4 1.42GHz 1:49 4:31 0:49 2:07 2:19 1:34 0:43 14.1 4:33
20-inch iMac Core Duo 2GHz 2:31 1:11 0:18 1:02 1:25 1:58 0:29 51.6 2:33
Power Mac G5 Dual Core 2GHz 1:03 1:07 0:18 0:50 0:57 0:42 0:42 43.7 2:51
<Better <Better <Better <Better <Better <Better <Better >Better <Better

Best results in bold. Reference system in italics .

All scores are in minutes:seconds except for Unreal Tournament results, which are in frames per second. All systems were running Mac OS X 10.4.5 with 1GB of RAM. The Photoshop Suite test is a set of 14 scripted tasks using a 50MB file. Photoshop’s memory was set to 70 percent and History was set to Minimum. We rendered a project in Cinema4D. In the Finder, we duplicated a 500MB file. In Microsoft Word, we scrolled through a 500 page document. We recorded the amount of time it took for each system to start up. In iMovie, we applied the Aged video effect to a 1-minute movie. We converted 45 minutes of AAC audio files to MP3 using iTunes’ High Quality setting. We used Unreal Tournament 2004’s Antalus Botmatch average-frames-per-second score; we tested at a resolution of 1,024 by 768 pixels at the Maximum setting with both audio and graphics enabled. We created a Zip archive in the Finder from a 1GB folder.—Macworld Lab testing by James Galbraith and Jerry Jung

Macworld’s buying advice

The MacBook Pro is a fitting successor to the PowerBook G4. While its new internal architecture makes it noticeably faster than its predecessor—and blazingly faster in certain high-end tasks—it’s still comfortably a Mac laptop.

If most of the applications you use are available in Universal versions, or are relatively low-power programs running in Rosetta, buying a MacBook Pro will be to your advantage. If you’re upgrading from a two- or three-year-old PowerBook G4, you’ll notice a massive speed boost in Universal applications, while Rosetta applications will run at the speed you’re used to.

However, if you rely on programs that won’t run in Rosetta (for example, some of Apple’s Final Cut Studio apps or Microsoft’s Virtual PC), you should delay your purchase until Universal versions of those programs become available. And if you use a resource-intensive program such as Photoshop CS2, or you need to wring every last bit of performance out of your system when you’re on the road, you’ll likewise be better off waiting until your software has been updated before buying a MacBook Pro.

(For additional notes and opinions about the MacBook Pro, see Jason Snell's MacBook Pro Reviewer's Notebook.)

[ Jason Snell is Macworld ’s editorial director and has been using Mac portables since 1992. ]

Editor’s Note: This article was reposted on March 29, 2006 at 10:40 a.m. PT to include a product rating and information on the MacBook Pro Core Duo/1.83GHz model.

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