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When Apple first announced the iPhone back in 2007, the company said that it planned to continually update the phone with new features and functionality. In July 2008, Apple released iPhone 2.0 ( ), which opened up a whole new world of third-party applications, finally converting the iPhone from the latest hot gizmo to a viable platform. With predecessors like that, 2009's iPhone 3.0 has some Wilt Chamberlain-size shoes to fill.
Whereas iPhone 2.0 focused on expanding the platform outwards, iPhone 3.0 is about looking inward, polishing features that already existed and adding those that were notably lacking. And while it may not be the flashiest of updates, the new version brings several welcome enhancements and refinements to the iconic device.
Cut once, paste as many times as you want
It’s telling that the most anticipated new feature of iPhone 3.0 is one that goes back to the earliest days of the graphical user interface. Apple says that it had to take its time and make sure that it got cut, copy, and paste right, and it seems to have done just that. While cut, copy, and paste aren’t available in every application, Apple has implemented it at a low-lying level, so it's available pretty much anywhere you deal with text.
There are a couple of ways to use copy and paste. Double-tapping a word will automatically select that word, highlighting it in blue and popping up a floating menu of options. What you’re offered depends on whether the text is read-only—if so, you’ll only be able to copy. If you’re composing text, on the other hand, you can cut, copy, or paste. Alternatively, if you tap and hold a word to bring up the loupe and then release it, you’ll also be provided with select and select-all options.
Once you’ve selected text, you have the option to alter your selection by dragging handles on either end of the selection (or, in some apps, such as Safari, you’ll get a block with handles on all four sides). Dragging the handles brings up a magnified view that’s similar to the loupe, but rectangular. The selection algorithm is smart, too: if you tap and flick one of the handles, it automatically detects spaces and makes sure that it never cuts off in the middle of a word; should you want to select just part of a word, though, you can tap and drag the handles with more precision.Read more...
If at any point you make a mistake—say, pasting some text you didn’t mean to—it’s easy enough to fix. Just give the iPhone a quick shake, and it brings up a dialog box with an Undo button. There are multiple levels of undo, in case you need to correct several mistakes, and you can redo actions as well, just in case you think the better of it.
Cut, copy, and paste handles plain text, rich text (including styling and hyperlinks), and images, which you can copy from the Photos app, Mail, or Safari. While these functions work pretty well, there are some issues: for example, I copied some text and images from a Web page that was too wide for the Mail message I was pasting into, and I was unable to zoom in and out or pan around to see all the content.
Apple has said that third-party developers will be able to extend the pasteboard to accept more types of content, but most applications should be able to take advantage of at least basic text cut, copy, and paste out of the box.
Reading, writing, and right-to-left
iPhone 2.0 added support for a number of different languages and input methods; iPhone 3.0 continues that trend, boosting the number to 30 different languages and more than 40 input methods, including long-awaited support for right-to-left languages like Hebrew and Arabic. Apple has also added a handful of new special characters that you can access by tapping and holding on certain keys, such as the em-dash (the hyphen key), ellipsis (period), degree symbol (the zero key), and more.
Even better, every input method features both portrait and landscape versions of the keyboard. That landscape keyboard is also a feature in and of itself. Previously restricted to use in Safari, the landscape keyboard is now available in all text-heavy applications such as Mail, Notes, and Messages, which should help assuage the many users who prefer its wider-spaced keys.
Unfortunately, the landscape orientation can sometimes be more annoying than helpful if you end up switching the orientation when you don't mean to. It would be nice if Apple offered some way to lock the current orientation to prevent this.
Apple substantially beefed up the iPhone’s search capability in 3.0. Those improvements manifest in two ways. One is in individual applications like Mail, Calendar, and Notes, where you can now summon a search field by scrolling the screen downward (as you could previously in Contacts). Typing in a search term instantly shows you the items that match your results.
In addition, you can now search throughout the phone with the new Spotlight feature, which is accessible by swiping right from the first Home screen or by pressing the Home button when on the first Home screen. Results are returned from the phone's built-in apps, like Calendar, Mail, iPod, Contacts, and more—you can set which types of data are searched and what order the results appear in by going to Settings -> General -> Home -> Search Results. Tapping on any of the results will open the corresponding record in that application, whether it be a Mail message, Calendar appointment, music file, contact, and so on.
But as nice as search is, its implementation is half-hearted at best. While Mail, for example, can search the To, From, or Subject headers (or all three at once) and even extend the search to messages that aren’t downloaded to the phone yet, but it can’t search the body of messages. There’s no still no way to search for text on a Web page or in Mail attachments, and Contacts searches are limited to the first name, last name, nickname, and company fields. It's unknown whether or not third-party developers will be able to make their apps' information searchable by Spotlight as well.
Spotlight also returns the names of applications as results, which may help those with dozens of apps, but that just highlights the need for a better way to organize most peoples' growing number of Home screen icons—the only other concession in that realm is that you can now have 11 screens of apps instead of nine.
Look ma—no wires
One of the new audio-related features of the 3.0 update is support for Bluetooth’s Advanced Audio Distribution Profile (A2DP). This lets you stream stereo audio over Bluetooth to other devices, such as wireless headphones, a speaker system, or a car stereo. Pairing an iPhone 3G with an A2DP speaker system and a set of A2DP headphones is simple, and the devices stay paired even when the phone goes in and out of range. However, you have to control volume on the audio device; the iPhone’s volume buttons are disabled when streaming audio over Bluetooth.
When a phone call comes in, A2DP streaming works just like the iPhone’s headphones or built-in speakers: If media is playing, the media audio fades out and the media pauses so you can take the call. After hanging up, playback resumes.
However, there are some issues. For example, to switch audio output to and from the Bluetooth accessory, you have to use the iPod app, even if you’re not playing music, and if you turn off the stereo Bluetooth accessory before switching the audio output back to the iPhone itself, sometimes you can’t restore audio on the phone. Also, Wi-Fi signal strength sometimes drops while streaming audio over Bluetooth on an iPhone 3G.
Unfortunately, the iPhone 3.0 software doesn’t provide support for Bluetooth’s Audio/Video Remote Control Profile (AVRCP), which allows a Bluetooth accessory to control media playback. This means that if you connect Bluetooth wireless headphones that include playback buttons, only the Play/Pause button will work; you won’t be able to skip or scan tracks or otherwise browse media content.
Hide and seek
iPhone 3.0 may actually help prevent that heart-stopping moment when you pat your pockets and realize you’ve misplaced your phone. The new Find My iPhone feature—available only to subscribers of Apple’s $99-per-year MobileMe service—allows you to log in to your MobileMe account from a Web browser and view your phone’s current location on a Google Map.
In order to enable the feature, you’ll need to go to the MobileMe account preferences under Settings -> Mail, Contacts, Calendars, and switch on “Find My iPhone.” The Location Services slider under Settings -> General will also need to be on, and the phone will have to have some sort of Internet connection as well as being powered on. You can send a customizable message to the phone instantaneously, alerting potential good Samaritans of the device’s provenance. If you’ve just lost the phone around the house, you can also make it continuously play back a sound for two minutes to help track it down.
And should the worst happen, you can remotely instruct the phone to wipe its contents: that will clear out all data, including contacts, media, and accounts. If you retrieve the phone at a later date, you can always sync it back to your computer.
Shake, rattle, and scrub
The iPod functionality of the iPhone hasn’t changed much in version 3.0. In addition to the new search functionality, Apple has added the “Shake to Shuffle” feature found in its fourth-generation iPod nano. Nifty though it is, it may be a little too sensitive: one Macworld contributor said that he noticed the feature leaping into action on an especially turbulent plane ride, and I ran into the same problem while jogging across a street. Fortunately, Shake to Shuffle can quite easily be deactivated under Settings -> iPod.
Podcast fans will see a few nice improvements. Video podcasts can now be played in portrait or landscape modes, and the podcast player now features buttons that let you jump back exactly 30 seconds and adjust the playback speed to either double- or half-speed. Those new controls take the place of the shuffle and repeat controls for podcast playback (those features are still available in music playback).
There’s also a new handy variable-precision scrubbing feature that works for pretty much any type of media in the iPod library. Just tap and hold the scrub bar and drag your finger up or down the screen to adjust the precision. The farther down you drag your finger, the more precise the scrubbing gets, starting at Hi-Speed (sic), followed by Half Speed, Quarter Speed, and Fine. The more precise the scrubbing gets, the slower you scrub through the track, making it easier to jump back a second or two if you missed what was said.
Shop ’til your connection drops
The iTunes Store application has received some updates as well, chief among them the ability to download videos, both for purchase and for rental, over the network. Since it’s subject to the same 10MB limit on the cell network that music and podcasts are, you'll pretty much always be restricted to using the Wi-Fi network. And downloading isn't especially speedy over Wi-Fi either: in one of my tests, it took several hours to download a two-hour movie. In another test, it took less than 40 minutes, so your mileage may well vary. Either way, it’s not quite to the point where you can download a movie while waiting for your plane, but that time is getting nearer.
While you can’t download HD movies directly onto your iPhone—which would be kind of pointless given the iPhone’s small display—you can purchase HD movies by scrolling to the bottom of the details screen for any movie that offers the option. The iPhone will start downloading the standard definition file, and the HD version will start downloading to your computer the next time you sync your iPhone.
The iTunes application now also lets you post comments to the Store, which is aided by support for multiple accounts in iTunes. Previously, your account was usually dictated by the iTunes account on the last computer you’d synced with. Now you can sign in, sign out, and view your account details by visiting Settings -> Store and you can also create an iTunes account if you like.