I’m a keyboard guy. While I like my Magic Trackpad, and the trackpad on my MacBook Air, I do as much as I can from the keyboard. As such, I use LaunchBar ( ) to launch applications, and have learned a number of essential iTunes shortcuts to save time when I work with my music collection. I know dozens of shortcuts for the apps I use most.
Safari is no exception. Since it’s easier to use the keyboard—no need to move my hand to my trackpad—I’ve memorized a handful of useful shortcuts for browsing the Web. Here are ten that I think are essential. (These should work in both Snow Leopard and Lion unless otherwise noted.)
1. Quickly enter URLs
When I want to type a URL, I don’t use a mouse or trackpad to click in the Address Bar, clear it, then type. Just press Command-L, and all the text in the Address Bar is selected, so whatever you type replaces it immediately. Start typing a URL for a favorite site, and Safari can auto-completes it by looking at your history or bookmarks. If Safari displays a list of sites, use the up- and down-arrow keys to choose the right one, and then press Return to go there.
2. Search in a snap
Like everyone, I search a lot using Google. Why click in the Google search field when you can go there by simply pressing Command-Option-F? Remember this shortcut, as it works in many Apple programs. Use it in Mail, iTunes, Address Book and more when you need to zip to the search field.
3. Hop to your history
There are times when I want to browse my History list to find a Web page I visited recently, but whose URL I can’t remember. Pressing Command-Option-2 takes me to the History list, and puts the cursor in the search field. I can type a word or two and narrow down the display to find what I want. Double-clicking an entry in the History list takes me to that page, and pressing Command-Option-2 again takes me back to the previously visible Web page.
4. Scroll with the spacebar
When I get to my favorite Web page, I rarely bother to use scroll bars, or even my trackpad, to scroll. Just press the spacebar, and Safari scrolls down one screen. Need to go back up a screen? Press Shift-Spacebar. It’s fast and efficient, and doesn’t make me dizzy watching the page move up and down.
5. Open tabs in the background
Safari’s tabbed browsing is a practical way to have several Web pages open at once without getting confused by multiple windows. Safari’s Tabs preferences show the shortcuts you can use to create new tabs. Go to Safari -> Preferences and click on Tabs to see these. The shortcut I use most is Command-Shift-click, which opens a new tab in the background. I use this a lot when I’m doing research on the Web and want to open several pages from search results without looking at them right away. To open a tab in the front, use Command-click. (These shortcuts are reversed if you don’t select the When A New Tab Or Window Opens, Make It Active option.)
6. Navigate your tabs
Once I’ve got some tabs open in Safari, I often want to switch from one to another; but I certainly don’t want to use the mouse for that. Command-Shift-Left Arrow or Right-Arrow will take you from one tab to the other. Just make sure that your cursor isn’t in a text field on any window displayed in a tab; if so, this shortcut will hit a dead end when it reaches such a window.
7. Send a page (or its URL) to a friend
Sometimes I want to email a neat Web page I’ve found to a friend. Command-I does the trick; it takes the contents of the page and send it to the person in a new message in Mail, with the page’s title as the message subject. If you just want to send a link, use Command-Shift-I.
8. Save pages for later
New in Lion is Reading List, a sort of temporary bookmark list that you can use for pages you want to come back to and read later. If you press Command-Shift-D, you can add the current page to the Reading List. You’ll see an animation of an icon flying from the page to the left-side of the Safari window.
9. Save links for later
The above Lion shortcut works when a page is visible. If you want to add a linked page to the Reading List—a page in search results, or a link, say, on the main page of macworld.com—just hold down the Shift key and click on that link.
10. View Lion’s Reading List
To view the Reading List, you could click on the eyeglasses icon in the Bookmark Bar, if it was visible. Since we’re discussing keyboard shortcuts, however, instead you use the easier method of just pressing Command-Shift-L.
Learn some of these shortcuts and make your Web browsing faster and easier, and save time as well.