Back in the days when photographers used film and darkrooms, you could control the look of your prints with techniques called dodging and burning. As you exposed a print, for example, you could cover part of the photographic paper on which you were exposing the image. This effect (dodging) would make the obscured section lighter than the rest of the image. Alternately, you could expose another section of the photo longer (burning), and this would make it darker. Burn part of the photo long enough, and it would turn black.
Let’s say that we want to focus on the middle of the image by gradually darkening both sides, until the extreme left and right edges are pure black. There are any number of ways to do that, but I’ll show you an easy method that relies on the Levels tool.
Open the photo in your favorite photo editing program. As usual, I’ll demonstrate with Adobe Photoshop Elements, but you can apply the steps using almost any program.
Get Your Vignette Set
Begin by creating a duplicate layer: Choose Layer, Duplicate Layer, and then click OK. Working in a layer allows you to easily vary the overall effect, and even to revert back to the original photo with minimal fuss.
At this point, we should automatically be working in the top layer, but you can verify that by checking the Layers palette on the right side of the screen. Make sure the top layer is the one that’s selected.
The next step is to select the region that we want to preserve in the photo. Select the Rectangular Marquee Tool (it lives in the fifth cubby from the top in the toolbar on the left side of the screen). In the Options toolbar at the top of the screen, set the feathering to a fairly large value. The more pixels in your image, the bigger your feather value should be. For my sample photo–which is 800 pixels wide–I’m using a feather of 50 pixels.
In order to burn the sides, we’ll need to employ a favorite trick of mine: Choose Select, Inverse to swap the selected and unselected parts of the photo.
Get Out Your Blowtorch (Just Kidding)
To get rid of the distracting selection marks, choose Select, Deselect. Finally, you can put the finishing touches on your photo by cropping it to size. You might end up with something like my final version.
And remember–you can try for a similar effect by dodging the edges of your photos. Look for images with light backgrounds and dodge the edges into pure white.
Hot Pic of the Week
Get published, get famous! Each week, we select our favorite reader-submitted photo based on creativity, originality, and technique. Every month, the best of the weekly winners gets a prize valued at between $15 and $50.
Here’s how to enter: Send us your photograph in JPEG format, at a resolution no higher than 640 by 480 pixels. Entries at higher resolutions will be immediately disqualified. If necessary, use an image editing program to reduce the file size of your image before e-mailing it to us. Include the title of your photo along with a short description and how you photographed it. Don’t forget to send your name, e-mail address, and postal address. Before entering, please read the full description of the contest rules and regulations.
Terry took this photo at Mt. St. Helens using a Canon S60.
Binh captured this motion shot of a passing train in downtown Toronto. He exposed the shot for about 8 seconds. To minimize the camera shake from depressing the shutter button, he triggered the shot using the camera’s self-timer.