It was as absolute an answer as you could possibly get. Is Apple merging iOS and macOS? “No,” said Apple software chief Craig Federighi, with an animated accompaniment smashing down on the screen behind him.
And yet... Federighi made that comment just moments before he unveiled a new system, being worked on by Apple over multiple years, that will allow the developers of iOS apps to bring those apps to the Mac more easily. And first up will be Apple itself, which is using this approach to translate the iOS Stocks, Voice Memos, News, and Home apps for macOS Mojave, coming this fall.
While the Mac and iOS might not be merging, major changes are in store for the Mac and the apps it runs. It’s hard to imagine how the Mac of a couple of years hence isn’t populated with apps sourced from iOS. And yet, Apple says, the Mac will remain the Mac.
What does that mean? What will define the Mac in 2020?
What makes a Mac?
Let’s start by considering exactly what Federighi said on stage at WWDC: “We love the Mac, and we love macOS because it’s explicitly created to the unique egonomics of Mac hardware, like the ergonomics of the keyboard and trackpad, the flexibility in displays and storage, and because of the power it exposes, it makes the Mac able to accomplish almost anything.”
In an interview at Wired, he also said: “It’s still macOS, you still have the Terminal, you can still attach four monitors to it, you can still hook up external drives.”
So for Apple, the Mac is defined by physical attributes, hardware flexibility, and exposed computing power. Some of these definitions are clearer than others: It’s unlikely that iOS devices are ever going to offer modular displays and storage devices. I’m not sure I can entirely conceive of iOS never having a tool like the Terminal—if only because it feels inevitable that app development will one day be possible on iOS—but I can accept that the wild-west feel of macOS, where you can arbitrarily install, compile, and write software, is unlikely to ever be reflected on iOS.
It feels like Federighi’s cutting it awfully close on the “unique ergonomics” front, though. Apple itself sells a keyboard for the iPad Pro, and even allows users to move their fingers like they’re using a trackpad when editing text. The iPhone and iMac Pro are about as far as two devices can get from one another, but the MacBook and the iPad Pro are not.
In his interview with Wired, Federighi also pooh-poohed the idea that Apple might make a MacBook with a touchscreen. And yet one of Apple’s greatest arguments against touch on macOS—that Mac software was designed with keyboard and pointing device in mind—is going to very rapidly become obsolete as iOS-sourced apps appear on the Mac in 2019 and 2020.
It’s a tough position for Apple to be in, because of course the company is never going to comment on future products, but it’s still an open question about whether the border between the iPad Pro and the MacBook is immutable or shifting. Until Apple releases an iOS laptop or a MacBook with a touchscreen—or both!—we won’t know if Apple has decided to re-draw the lines.
It’s hard to imagine that Apple would avoid legitimate opportunities to grow the iOS platform just out of fear of treading on the Mac’s sacred ground, though.
Introducing iOS Pro
In a world where relevant iOS apps can be brought to the Mac with ease, what will make the Mac different from iOS will be the flexibility and power that Federighi talked about. One interesting change in this regard seems to be happening on the Mac App Store, where Apple seems to be loosening some of the restrictions that previously forced apps out or barred apps from even considering entry.
In macOS Mojave, Apple has added some new security procedures that allow apps to ask for permission to access information that was previously barred from apps that were sold in the Mac App Store. And perhaps not coincidentally, Monday’s WWDC keynote featured several apps that either never appeared in the Mac App Store or departed the store in frustration over Apple’s policies. This is an encouraging sign that Apple recognizes that beyond the potential avalanche of iOS-sourced Mac apps, the Mac App Store needs to be populated with the sorts of apps that aren’t possible on iOS—and that requires more flexibility on Apple’s part.
I’m sorely tempted to say that the Mac of 2020 will include the best of the iOS App Store, plus the sorts of apps that best take advantage of the power and flexibility of the Mac. You know, like Photoshop and Final Cut Pro and Logic Pro. But the truth is, iOS is becoming so powerful that there’s no reason that Final Cut or Logic couldn’t exist on iOS. (I use Ferrite Recording Studio to edit podcasts on iOS, and it’s amazingly good.)
No, a high-end video professional is probably not going to edit a feature film in 4K on an iPad Pro, but they’re not going to use a low-end MacBook either. If iOS is allowed to continue growing and adapting, it’s hard to imagine Apple erecting artificial barriers on iOS just to protect a few sacred areas on the Mac.
As a longtime Mac user, I’m excited about getting iOS apps translated over to my Mac—it’s well past time that the Home app appear on macOS. But given the trajectory of iOS, it’s hard not to see this as a temporary approach to making the Mac more useful and viable until the point when iOS itself has the power to accomplish almost anything. That will probably take quite a while, but it feels closer this week than it did last week.