Apple has a new version of macOS coming soon. It’s called Big Sur, and it’s version 11. In this article I’ll go over how you can create a bootable macOS Big Sur installation drive. But before I give instructions on how to create the drive, I’ll go over the items you’ll need and how to get them.
These instructions are for the public beta of macOS Big Sur. This article will be updated when the OS is officially released in the fall.
Important note: These instructions must be performed on a Mac running the macOS Big Sur Public Beta. If you are running an earlier version of macOS and have the Big Sur Public Beta installer, the drive cannot be made.
Macworld also has bootable-install-drive instructions for:
Get an external drive and maybe an adapter
The macOS Big Sur installer software is over 12GB, so you need a USB external drive that can hold that much data. The drive can be a thumb drive, hard drive, or SSD.
If you have a 2015 or newer Mac laptop that has USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 ports, you may need Apple’s $19 USB to USB-C adapter. This will allow you to connect a storage device that uses a USB type-A connector. If you don’t have an external drive and you have a USB-C Mac laptop, you could buy the SanDisk Ultra USB Type-C Flash Drive, which has a USB-C connector. You can get model number SDCZ450-016G-G46.
You need to erase the drive and format it to Mac OS Extended (Journaled). You can do this in the Mac's Disk Utility app, which is in the Utilities folder.
Get the macOS Big Sur installer software
Big Sur is only available through the Apple’s public beta program. You can sign up for the program, but remember, this is beta software, so it’s possible you could run into problems. We suggest trying the beta on a secondary Mac.
When you sign up, you will download and run the “macOS Public Beta Access Utility,” which will enroll your Mac into the program. Then the utility will launch Software Update to download and install the Big Sur beta.
But after the download when the installer launches, do not click the Continue button. Quit the installer by pressing Command-Q. Then go to your Applications folder and youi should find an "Install macOS Big Sur Beta" app. You need to have the app there to make the bootable drive.
For Macs that already have the Big Sur beta installed and you don't have the installer in your Apps folder, you can get the installer by going to the "Enroll your devices" section of the Apple Beta Program website. Scroll down to step 2, and click on the "Download the macOS Public Beta access utility" button. Run the utility, and quit the installer after it starts up. You should find the installer app in the Applications folder.
Use the Terminal to make a bootable macOS Big Sur installer drive
You’re going to use the Terminal to make your external drive a bootable macOS Big Sur installer. Don’t worry if you’ve never used Terminal before, it’s easy. Here are the instructions.
1. Connect the external drive to your Mac. In these instructions, I use
Untitled as the name of the external drive. If your drive is named something else, you need to change
Untitled to the name of your drive.
2. Launch Terminal (/Applications/Utilities/Terminal.app).
3. Select and copy the following:
sudo /Applications/Install\ macOS\ Big\ Sur\ Beta.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia --volume /Volumes/Untitled -- /Applications/Install\ macOS\ Big\ Sur\ Beta.app
4. Go back to Terminal and paste the copied code at the prompt. Remember to change
Untitled to the name of your drive. Press Return.
5. Terminal may ask for your password. Enter it and press Return.
6. Terminal will warn you that your external drive needs to be erased. To proceed, type Y at the prompt and press Return.
6. You’ll see that Terminal erases your drive and then copies the installer file to your drive. This will take a few minutes.
7. After copying, Terminal is done. You should see Terminal display a message saying your drive is ready for use.
How to boot from the installer drive
1. Plug your external drive into your Mac.
2. Power up (or restart) your Mac. Press down on the Option key while the Mac boots.
3. After a few moments, your Mac should display the Startup Manager, which will show you the available boot drives. Click on the external drive and press Return. (You don’t need to select a network to proceed.)
4. As part of the Recovery boot process, you have to select a user and enter a password.
5. Your Mac will display a macOS Utilites window. If you want to install Big Sur and leave the data intact, select Install macOS. If you want to start over and wipe out the data, you need to go into Disk Utility to reformat the internal drive first, and then install macOS Big Sur.
Make a bootable installer drive: Other ways
Since Big Sur is in beta, the developers of those two apps probably haven’t had an opportunity to make updated software. We’ll check those two apps as the official Big Sur release approaches and update this article when necessary.